Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park

Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, often referred to as the Little Kaziranga, is one of the most important national parks in the north-eastern part of the country. The park is located on the north bank of River Brahmaputra. With a total area of around 80 sq. km. the park falls within the districts of Sonitpur and Darrang in the state of Assam. The marshy land of the forest interspersed by grassland is a favourite haunt of many animals. As a matter of fact, the park is the only major habitat of the Indian one-horned rhinoceros on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River. The terrain slopes down gently from north to south and is fringed by the Dhunseri river in the west and Pasnoi river in the east. All the streams that run through the park drain into the Brahmaputra in the south. Only a section fo park is accessible by a dirt track. Camps set up by tourists are visible after few kilometres in the motorable areas.

Orang is a quick drive from Guwahati. However a line of lush green tree that lead up to the national park rejuvenate visitors in seconds. A bunch of villagers sitting just outside the park gates and chit-chatting in the evening is a daily sight here. A rather unkempt mixture of tall trees and high grass flank an unexpectedly smooth forest track. A curious Indian hog deer peeps from behind the bushes and stares at the visitors. There is a rustle and a wild boar dashes into the bushes, frightening a mob of deer.

A kilometre ahead, the well-located but rundown Satsimulu Inspection Bungalow overlooks a swampy grassland where rhinos congregate.

Travel Tips

The best time to visit the park is during the months of October to May. There are fixed hours during which you have to enter and leave the park. Also, do not forget to get advance permissions to get in the park.

Tour guides suggest that tigers, however, do not venture in these open areas. They roam around in the more dense portions of the forest.

Dress in muted forest colours such as greens, bowns, beige and dull browns. Avoid orange, red, pink and bright prints.

Since fire hazard is a serious problem, please do not smoke and carefully put out every last tibmer in your campfire before leaving.

Wear comfortable walking shoes and don't forget a hat! High boots with socks are a sensible option for jungle walks.

Check whether swimming and fishing are permitted in the lakes and follow the law.

Do not take pets to wildlife sanctuaries.

When to visit

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • July
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
sprinkles Cold
  • 23.4° Max
  • 11.0° Min
  • 16.7 mm
  • Carry Heavy woollen.
Things to do

Whether you are an enthusiast over wildlife, or just want to take a break from seeing the grey city landscape, Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park will not fail to charm you. The park is well-known for the different varieties of animals to which the forested area of the park plays host. The flagship species of the park is the Indian One-horned Rhinoceros. These endangered animals can be seen roaming about in the protected area of the sanctuary. In all, there are around 68 of them in the park. The other important species of animals that are found here are Asiatic elephant, Royal Bengal Tiger, hog deer,Pygmy Hog, and wild boar. Pygmy hog is a critically endangered species. Some of the animals that are commonly seen here are Blind Gangetic Dolphin, Fishing cat, Rhesus Macaque, Bengal Porcupine, Small Indian Civet, Indian Pangolin, Indian Fox, Otter, Leopard cat, and Jungle Cat. The water bodies around the park are rich in aquatic life form. They harbour around 50 different species of fishes. However, that is not all. The park also has an impressive collection of avian life form to complement the diversity of animal life form. In all, there are 222 different species of birds in the park. Some of the commonly seen birds are Hornbills, Great White Pelican, Black-necked Stork, Spot-billed Pelican,Pallas's Fishing Eagle, Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Brahminy Duck, Ruddy Shelduck, Mallard, Pintail, King Fisher,Gadwall, and Woodpecker. The park also has the critically endangered Bengal Florican.

Getting Around

Getting around the place is quite easy. The public transport system is quite developed. There are regular buses that connect the place to the nearby cities and towns. Hiking is another very good way to explore the various places. You can also hire cars or rent taxis to take you around. Cars can be rented from the local tourist agencies or rental car services.

Places to Stay

If you are looking for hotels, there are several in the surrounding region. Stay at Assam Tourism, the lodge has AC rooms, arestaurant and other facilities and arranges jungle safari.

One can also opt to stay at Tezpur, about an hours drive away.

How to Reach

  • If you prefer to travel by plane, the nearest airport is at Saloni. From there, you can either take a taxi or a bus to cover the remaining portion of the journey. Cars for hire are easily available just outside the airport. The distance between Saloni and Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park is around 90 km. Air India operates flights from Silchar ad Kolkata to Tezpur. Guwahati is connected to all important cities of India by major airlines.
  • The nearest railway station is at Rangapara. The rail station at Rangapara is connected to the stations in Guwahati and Tezpur and via them to the other station across the state. You can book your tickets from sites like irctc.in, makemytrip.com, and yatra.com.
  • The national park is quite well connected by road. There are direct bus routes between Tejpur and Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park. You can get up on a bus from any of the important towns or cities and take a bus which will take you directly to the National Park. Alternately, you can also rent a taxi or a car for the trip. Buses run by the Assam State Transport Corporation make regular trips to the park. The distance between Tejpur and Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park is around 32 km.; Guwahati is located at a distance of 140 km.

Surrounding Attractions

A trip to Orang would specifically be for wildlife as there is not much else to see here. En route, about 35 km away from Guwahati are the Madan Kamdev temple ruins, also called the Khajuraho of Kamrup.

In the vicinity of this temple, are other excursions to a silk-weaving village called Sualkuchi, the Pua Mecca Mosque in Hajo and the Hayagriba Madhav emple. Travelling eastwards from there to Nameri National Park and if you have the time, furhter on to the rugged mountains and monastries of Tawang in Arunachal.

Other sanctuaries around the River Brahmaputra north bank are Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary, Sonar wildlife Sanctuary, Eagles Nest Wildlife Sanctuary and Pakke National Park. All these places require a hired vehicle for transport and preferrably a local guide. The terrain is bumpy and SUVs would be the best option to travel. Buses are available but they are very time-consuming. A good option is to rope in the services of a tour operator.

Emergency No.

Police: 100

Fire Brigade: 101

Hospital: 102

Assam tourism: 0361-2547102,2544475

Divisional Forest Officer: Mangaldai Wildlife Division, Darrang: 03713-230020,230708

STD code: 03712