Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga, in the language of the Karbi tribe, means whre th mountain goat has water. Flat grasslands with streams and large, landlocked water bodies constitue Kazirangas terrain. Tall elephant grass covers most of the land,s ometimes opening into foraging grounds with shorter grasses, a few tall trees and dense cane thickets. The low-lying terrain gradually rises southwards to the Karabi Hills, the trasitional high woodlands were earlier a crucial part of this forest, offering safe ground to animals, who migrated here during the annual floods.

Alomost every year in the monsson, Kaziranga is submerged by the backflow of the Brahmaputra in spate - this flood helps rejunevate the forest, recharges the wetlands with fish stocks, clears hyacinth and other debris, and brings in silt to give the grassland new life. However, sometimes when the flood level rises drastically ther is widespread loss of wildlife as animals cannot get to hgih ground fast enough. The yearly monsoon flood is a natural cycle from which Kaziranga rises resilient, phoenix-like, every time.

Kaziranga is internationally acknowledged for its improtance as one of the last undistributed habitats of the great Indian rhinocerous. It is also a home to over 70 perent of the worlds swamp or wild buffalo population.The rare swamp deer is also found in plenty here.

Located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam, Kaziranga National Park is a dream come true for any wildlife enthusiast. The forest is known for the large variety of animals, many of which have been declared endangered, that can be seen roaming about in the protected area of the sanctuary. Its location in the biodiversity hotspot of the Eastern Himalayas means that the park is rich in life forms, both animals, and birds. Spread over an area of around 140 sq. km. the 158 year old national park is a prime tourist spot in the north-eastern part of the country as well as the whole of India.

Travel Tips

The best time to go to Kaziranga is during the months between December and February.

The temperature is moderate and the animals can be spotted easily as they crowd around the waterholes.

Visitors are not allowed to travel on foot in Kaziranga. Guides can also be hired from established hotels and they usually carry binoculars. In any case, it is best to have your own. Its also important to have a personal survival kit, comprising a torch, medicines and toileteries.

Agaratoli is 21km from the Kohora base. It is more wooded than the other two and animal sightings are slightly less frequent. Birds are abundant along this route. Forest guards report tiger sightings here quite often and there is a pelican colony towards the end of the circuit.

Birdwatching is a lesser known fact about this park is that it is also a birdwatchers paradise. It is second only to Corbett National Park in the diversity of bird population. The endangered Bengal florica, brahminy starling, Finn's weaver, pied hornbill, bristled glassbird and Jerdons babbler can be sighted in Kaziranga.

When to visit

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • July
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
sprinkles Cold
  • 20.9° Max
  • 11.8° Min
  • 0.0 mm
  • Carry Heavy woollen.
Things to do

If you love to be in the midst of nature, and if you are planning a trip to the Kaziranga National Park, one thing you can be sure of is that you will never have a moment’s dullness. The park is famous all over the world for the sheer number of animals belonging to different species that can be found here. The flagship species is the Indian rhinoceros.

Kaziranga National Park is the proud host of two-third of the world’s population of the rhinoceros. Of the 35 different species of mammals that are found here, 15 of them are of the endangered category. Apart from rhinoceros, the other endangered animals are Wild Asiatic Buffalo, and Eastern Swamp Deer. The other major attraction of the park is the Bengal Tiger. Kaziranga also has the distinction of having the highest density of tigers in the world. It is the one of the few places outside of Africa where the big cats mate in the wild. The other animals that can be seen in the park are Hispid Hare, Indian Civets, Small Indian Mongooses, Large Indian Civet, Sloth Bear, Chinese Ferret Badgers, Small Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Chinese Pangolin, Indian Gray Mongoose, Indian Pangolins, Hog Badger, and Parti-colored flying squirrels. Apart from the animals, the park also plays host to a large variety of birds, both local and migratory. Black-necked Stork, Lesser White-fronted Goose, Baer's Pochard duck, Ferruginous Duck, Lesser Adjutant, Greater Adjutant, and Asian Open bill stork are some of the birds that are sighted here. The park also has two of the largest snakes, Indian Rock Python, and Reticulated Python amongst its inhabitants. King Cobra, the longest venomous snake on earth, is also found here.

Once there you can opt for the elephant and jeep safaris which are provided by the Forest authorities.

Getting Around

Getting around the place is quite easy. The public transport system is quite developed. There are regular buses that connect the place to the nearby cities and towns. Hiking is another very good way to explore the various places. You can also hire cars or rent taxis to take you around. Cars can be rented from the local tourist agencies or rental car services.

The jeep and elephant and elephant safaris are  amus tin Kaziranga. In the right season, you might be able to spot many animals in just two days of sighseeing. Safari timings are montiored strictly by the forest department.

Places to Stay

If you are going to visit the Kaziranga National Park, the best place for you to stay would be in the Forest Rest Houses. They are located within the park itself and are ideal for watching the animals. The rent is quite reasonable and you will also get all the necessary amenities. However, if you are looking for hotels, there are several in the surrounding region.

Kazirangas most well known hotels are set in a large wooded estate, this is an elegant, serene and ralxing place surrounded by greenery. Once you get there, your itinerary is taken care of.

Kohora has varied stay options, from tourist lodges to private hotels.

How to Reach

  • If you prefer to travel by plane, the nearest airport is at Guwahati. From there, you can either take a taxi or a bus to cover the remaining portion of the journey. Cars for hire are easily available just outside the airport. The distance between Guwahati and Kaziranga National Park is around 217 km.
  • The nearest important railway station is at Furkating. The rail station at Furkating is connected to the station in Guwahati and the other stations across the state. You can book your tickets from sites like irctc.in, makemytrip.com, and yatra.com.
  • The national park is quite well connected by road. There are direct bus routes between Guwahati and Kaziranga National Park. You can get up on a bus from any of the important towns or cities and take a bus which will take you directly to the National Park. Alternately, you can also rent a taxi or a car for the trip. The National Highway No. 37 connects the Kaziranga National Park to the rest of the state and the country. Buses run by the Assam State Transport Corporation make regular trips to the park.

Surrounding Attractions

If you have had your fill of wildlife at Kaziranga, you can go to Gohpur. It is quite nearby and is one of the historical places in the state of Assam. Panbari Reserve Forest is also quite nearby and is known for its wildlife and scenic beauty. And do not forget to make a trip to the numerous tea-gardens that abound in the region.

Guwahati is nearby and offers a number of popular destinations, namely the kamakhya temple, the Assam state zoo, etc.

The longest of the tourist routers, a three to four hour safari in this range offers alomost a complete sense of Kaziranga and its wildlife. One may see rhinos, elephants and wild buffaloes. Huge ficas trees laden with fruit in season often have majestic pied hronbills feeding on them like owls and serpent and fishing eagles peer through wooded stretches, moniter lizards blend into tree trunks and sometimes eleophants and rhinos lurk in the tall grass.

Baghori located in the western end of the park, the Baghori circuit is known for its strategic watchtower. An evening trip on this route is almost always a gift for the wildlife tourist - shrikes prance about on burnished grass stalks and herds of lephants gaze within clear viewing distance. Head to the watchtower before sunset to take in the view of the large clearing beyond the water, bathed in a golden light. You might be lucky enought o spot swamp deer, rhinos, and even some elephants.



Emergency No.

Police: 100

Fire brigade: 101

Hospital: 102

Kaziranga National Park , Kohora: 03776-262423/29

Divisional Forest Officer, forest Office Bokaghat: 03776-268007