Betla National Park

Spread across the terrain of Chhotanagpur Plateau, Betla National Park is one of the most prominent destinations for nature lovers and animal enthusiasts. It is located in the Lathar district in the state of Jharkhand. The park extends over a vast area, amounting to almost 1300 sq. km. in all. Betla National Park has the distinction of being one of the first national parks in India to be a part of the tiger project. One interesting fact about the sanctuary is its name. The word Betla is actually an acronym, composed of the names of the following five animals – bison, elephant, tiger, leopard, and Axis-axis (Chital).

Travel Tips

The best time to visit Betla National Park is between the months of October and May. Due to the tropical temperature, it is quite cold in winter and you should carry adequate warm garments. If you are visiting during summer, light cotton garments should do.

When to visit

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • July
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
sprinkles Cold
  • 23.7° Max
  • 9.4° Min
  • 21.6 mm
  • Carry Heavy woollen.
Things to do

The wildlife sanctuary at Betla is famous for the different varieties of animals that can be found here. Thus, if you are planning to trip to Betla, you can rest assured that you will have plenty of animal sightings to keep you occupied. If you visit the sanctuary just after the monsoon season, you will be treated to the sight of large number of animals flocking to get a drink from one of the waterholes in the park. The other animals that you can expect to see during your trip here are sloth bear, hyena, panther, jackal, and wild bear. Several other species of animals are seen in large numbers, like langur, rhesus monkey, gaur, and chital. Porcupine, Mouse Deer, Four-horned antelopes, Sambhar, Kakar, Nilgai, small Indian Civets, ant eating Pangolin, and Mongoose are amongst the other animals that you can spot while roaming around in the forest. Apart from animals, the park also gives sanctuary to different species of birds, both Indian as well as migratory in nature. Hornbill, , swamp grey,  red jungle fowl, the harial, drongo, White-necked Stork, forest owlets, black ibisquail, the pied Hornbill, peafowl,wagtails, doves, the crested serpent-eagle, black partridge, the Papeeha are some of the various types of birds that throng to the forest. Geese, snipe, whistling teal are also seen near the lake.

Elephant safaris and jeep safaris are available inside the reserve itself.

Getting Around

You can get around Betla quite easily. The place is not very crowded and as such the perfect way to explore Betla is to take long walks down the roads. There are public transports as well. Buses, both government and private, ply at regular intervals. You can also rent cabs in case you want to go to the other towns in the vicinity.

Places to Stay

If you are planning to visit the Betla National Park, you can get a taste of living in a tree house. It is one of the attractions of a trip to the national park here. These tree houses cost approximately 150 to 200 INR per person. However, if you are planning to stay in a hotel, there are quite a few good hotels in the region for you to choose from. Hotel Van Vihar is one of the most popular hotels in the vicinity. The rent is also quite reasonable. You can get a room for upwards of Rs.700 for one night. Hotel Debjani is another hotel which is quite close to the park. The hotel is quite popular amongst the tourists both for the quality of service provided as well as the budget friendly rent. You can book your accommodations here for the rent of Rs.600 a room for one night. There are other lodges and guest houses that you can look into if you want to stay a bit away from the crowd. The local tourist agencies can help you find suitable accommodations.

How to Reach

  • The nearest airport is at Ranchi, in case you want to take a plane. The airport is around 140 km. away from the sanctuary. Regular flights from Delhi, Lucknow and other important cities in the country leave for Ranchi. From the airport, you can cover the remaining part of the journey either by renting a car, or taking a cab from outside the station. A cab ride from Rachi to Betla will cost around 1500 to 1600 INR. This journey is usually not more than two and a half hours.
  • If you are planning to book your seat in a train, you should get off at Daltonganj, the nearest important railway station. The station is connected to the other major stations in Jharkhand. Apart from that, you can also take a train to either Ranchi, or Gaya. Both the stations are important ones. You can get details of the trains as well as book tickets through sites like,, and The train fare should be between Rs.1500 and Rs.3000 if you are coming from another state. Train journey within the state will cost you around Rs.300.
  • Betla can be reached from the surrounding places like Ranchi, Daltonganj, Hazaribagh, and Kolkata by bus or by car. The roads are quite well developed and cars for the journey can be hired easily from a local tourist agency or car rental service. There are also a number of buses that leave for Betla at regular intervals. The buses are state run as well as private. Fare depends on the type of bus you chose to board.

Surrounding Attractions

During your trip to Betla, there are several other places that you can pay a visit to. The remains of the forts at Purana Quila, and Naya Quila are both quite popular as tourist destinations. There are several waterfalls and hot springs in the area which you can visit. Also, you can take a ride on an elephant and travel through the forest.

Another great attraction is the capital city of Ranchi, just a two and a half hours drive away.

Important Numbers

Police: 100

Fire brigade: 101

Medical emergency: 108