Red Fort

The famous Red Fort of India is located in New Delhi. It is a very busy place and very easily accessible via local transports. The Red Fort served as the residence for the Mughal emperors and their family for almost two hundred years until 1857. This heritage is important for its purpose that is served. This was regarded as the political and all sorts of ceremonial centres of the Mughal kings and their household. This houses a number of mosques, built in 1648 by Jahangir’s son Shahajahan. He was the fifth emperor of the Mughals. The purpose was of fortifying the city of Shahajanabad which was the capital of the fifth emperor. Apparently the building shows Mughal characters in its architecture yet subtle evidences of Parsi, Hindu and Timurids are visible in the innovative creation of the monument. This is believed to be an iconic symbol of India’s wealth of material heritage that is preserved as an archaeological site of cultural and political heritage by UNESCO in 2007. It is from here that the Prime Minister of India hoist the tricolour (Indian flag) on 15th August or Independence Day. The flag is hoisted in the main gate. The speech is delivered from its ramparts and broadcasted in whole India. The Hindustani name is Lal Qila. This has many structures inside it that are visited by the visitors. The name is derived from the red sandstone which was used in the building of the structure. This situated in the bank of River Yamuna. It is surrounded by moat and gardens, assembly halls, mosque and palaces. This offers a panoramic view.

The Mughal city's best preserved portions are the buildings in the Red Fort portions are the buildings in the Red Fort (Lal Qila), namd after the red sandstone from which it is built, and the Jama Masjid. Even now, the Red Fort buildings can make your senses reel under the cumulative impact of marble, peitra dura, gilded pillars, delivate carvings, and the realisation that much of this was once inlaid with gems.

Delhi is a cosmopolitan city with many ethnic groups and cultures. Due to these various groups, several languages are spoken here, Hindi is the official language, which is spoken by the majority of the population. Urdu, Punjabi and English are other common languages in Delhi.


Travel Tips

If you are planning to visit this monument during summer then you must do it in the afternoons or the evening to avoid the scorching heat of the sun during the day. Carrying a small meal will help you have it in any of the adjacent lawns made for people to sit in. During winters any time of the day is appropriate for visiting the monument. Water should be kept along.

The walk around the monument and its complex demands water! October to March is the best time to visit the heritage. The minaret is open for all the day from sunrise till sunset.

When to visit

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sprinkles Pleasant
  • 30° Max
  • 20° Min
  • 19.7 mm
  • Light woollen
Things to do

There are many things to visit in the fort. The fort is an existing reminiscent of the following structures and is standing as the icon of prosperity during the Mughal period. This is also an important part of Indian culture even today. On Independence Day the flag is hoisted here. There is lots of security in and around the Fort on this day. The structures to be visited while here is the Lohri Gate. This gate is the main entrance to the massive structure and is so named as it faces towards Lahore. The other gate is the Delhi gate. This is similar to the Lahori Gate and has two life sized elephants carved out of huge rock. That faces each other. The water gate was believed to be the small gate that opens to the river banks.

Though the river has changed its course yet this name exists even today. Chhatta Chowk and the Naubat Khana are other important structure here. The former was the place where items like jewellery and cosmetics for the royal household were sold and latter was used for music. Musk was played from here at regular times. This opens into one of the most significant structure: the Diwan-i- Aam or the public audience hall which has arched pillars and is 540 ft. wide and 420 ft. deep. Nahr-i-Bashist was used as “Stream of Paradise”. This is similar to the paradise as mentioned in Quran. Water was brought in here by channels. Mumtaz Mahal is now an archaeological Museum. This was the larger Rang Mahal foe Mumtaz and has surrounding other Rang Mahal which housed the wives and mistress of the Emperor was housed. Diwan-i-Khas and khas Mahal are important inner Mahal and was used as private audience hall. There are hammams used as the royal baths.

To the west of this is the Moti Masjid (mosque of Pearl) believed to be the private mosque of Akbar and is a three dimensional stuctures. This is carved in marble and a magnificent building. Hira Mahal and Shahi Burj are other important structure associated with the fort. The Hayat bakhsh Bagh houses the channels and reservoirs that are now dry. At each end it has a marble pavilion. The visit here ends with visit to thePrince’s Quarter which is north to the Hayat Bakhsh Bagh. This and many other building suffered a great loss during the rebellion by British forces. Those are being reconstructed all over again to preserve the sentiment of Indians.

Getting Around

Going around in New Delhi is very easy and prompt. You can smoothly avail the local public buses, auto-rickshaws. The Delhi Metro Rail is also an excellent mode of local communication.

Places to Stay

If you’re in the mood to splurge, then the Radisson Blu Hotel is one of the perfect options to go for. The decor is a mix of the medieval with the modern, and the rooms are comfortable and spacious. This 5-star hotel provides all the amenities you might need, and the restaurants within this hotel provide some of the most delicious cuisines. 

If you’re looking for comfortable places to put up at, which will not burn a hole in your pocket, then Avalon Courtyard and Peppermint West might be two good choices. Both these hotels provide all the basic amenities, internet services, and much more. The rooms are clean, comfortable, and the hotels have a very nice ambience to go with their fantastic provisions.

If you're for a good budget hotel, with clean rooms, and a number of options available, in terms of the kind of room required. Another low range hotel is Hotel Star Paradise. They provide room service, they have a rooftop restaurant, and free Wi-Fi services too.

How to Reach

  • Reaching Red Fort is easy. International and national Flights take you to Delhi Internal airport that is Indira Gandhi National Airport. Taxis and cabs can be booked from the airport. The taxis are AC or Non AC coaches that are available carry you to the Red Fort or Lal Quila.
  • There are many railway stations adjacent to the Minaret. Train services to and fro are available all around the city. Metro offer the best services. Auto can be hired in from the metro station. The nearby Metro Station is Qutub Minar. The nearest railway station is New Delhi.
  • Bus services from all major locations of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan are available to take you to Delhi. Delhi Transport Corporation provides with cab and bus service. Air conditioned travel transfers is preferable during the summer.

Surrounding Attractions

This magnificent building is surrounded by many other buildings for example the Lahore Fort.Locally referred to as Shahi Qila is a citadel to the city of Lahore, Punjab and Pakistan. This is located on the corner of Walled City of Lahore. Iqbal Park is the largest urban park here. The base structure was built by Mughal emperor Akbar later upgraded by other Mughal, Sikh and the British. Badshahi mosque which can be reached through Alamgiri Gate was built by Aurangzeb. The other entrance is Masti Gate that opens to Masjidi Gate. Sheesh Mahal, Naulakha pavilion and Moti Masjid. This along with Shalimar Gardens was declared as the world’s Heritage Site by UNESCO. Salimgarh fort is also adjacent to Lal Qila.

Emergency No.

Police: 100

Ambulance: 102

Fire brigade: 101