Viper Island

Viper Island is widely regarded as among the landmark islands located close to Port Blair. It is renowned for the gallows which were constructed during the British Rule in India. Viper Island was also the scene of the jail where the British would imprison convicts as well as political prisoners. However, it should be noted that the jail was abandoned when the Cellular Jail was built in the year 1906.


When one talks of the Andaman Island and the role it played in its freedom struggle, the Cellular Jail finds mention quite frequently. However, before Cellular Jail was built, it was the prison which was located in Viper Island that was used by the British to inflict torture of the worst kind on those who wanted to liberate the island from British rule. After the construction of the Cellular Jail, the male prisoners were shifted here while the Viper Island Jail was used for female prisoners only. However, it now stands as an abandoned building.


This small island derives its name from a vessel of the same name, `Viper' in which it was believed that Lt. Archibald Blair came to Andaman and Nicobar Islands way back in 1789. The vessel apparently met with an accident and its wreckage was discovered near the island.

Also, another story speaks of how the island derived its name from the presence of vipers and snakes which can found on the island.

Travel Tips

The best time to visit the island is during the peak season which usually begins in October and extends till the start of the summer season (April/May).


Around 25C – 30C

When to visit

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • July
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
sprinkles Very Cold
  • 10° Max
  • -3° Min
  • 12.0 mm
Things to do

There is not much to see in and around the island. However, the main highlight of the island would have to be the jail which stands as a testimony of the freedom struggle from the British.


One should also visit the gallows which is built on top of a hillock and is visible by all the prisoners located on the island. The gallows signify death.

Getting Around

The only way to truly discover this island is on foot. There are no taxis or auto rickshaws available to transport tourists from one place to the other.

Places to Stay

How to Reach

  • By boat: It takes around 1.5 hours to reach the island by boat. However, most boats just stop here for around 15 minutes to let visitors explore the place.

Surrounding Attractions

Some of the nearby attractions are:


Chatham Island and Forest Museum – The Chatham Saw Mill is among the oldest and largest mills in the area. The Forest Museum offers tourists certain activities related to the forest while also displaying decorative pieces made from wood.


Mini Zoo – Located in Haddo, it houses some rare endemic birds and animals found here in the island.


Fisheries Museum – It exhibits marine life in all its glory.


Harbour Cruise – It provides a unique experience while offering panoramic views of the nearby areas including the harbour and floating dock.

Emergency No.

Police control room: 232100,100